2323A DUAL CHANNEL, MANUAL/PROGRAMMABLE
4222 QUAD, PROGRAMMABLE CONTROL

PRECISE TIME PERIODS GENERATED


Gate and Delay Generators are designed to provide precisely timed logic windows and level transitions. Applica tions employing Gate and Delay Generators may require that a logic transition occur immediately and have a given duration. Others require that a delay elapse prior to the logic transition, or that a precise gate be generated after some fixed delay. All these functions of Gate Generator, Delay Generator, and Delayed Gate Generator are performed by any LeCroy Gate and Delay Generator module.

LeCroy Gate and Delay Generators allow both manual and CAMAC programmability for gate durations ranging from a few nanoseconds to several seconds. Both the 2323A and the 4222 can be used for burst mode operations with the TR8828D digitizer (see Application Note 2014).

FEATURES

Versatile Product Family - Two of the most popular modular instrumentation standards used are NIM and CAMAC. Continuous manual control and high resolution programmable digital delay adjustment are selected by choice of modules.

Minimum Dead Time - Any of these Gate and Delay Generators may be retriggered immediately after the delay has elapsed.

Delayed Outputs - At the end of any gate, a delayed output issues a pulse.

Independent Gate and Delay Functions - Each LeCroy Gate and Delay Generator provides precision gate lengths which can be used as a precision delay as well. Since each unit has at least two such gate generators, one can be used as a delay which starts the second generator that provides the gate signal.

Wide Dynamic Range - Ranges from under 100 nsec to 10 sec are provided by the Model 2323A. Model 4222 maintains 1 nsec resolution up to its range of 16.7 msec.

FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION


The Models 2323A and 4222 Gate and Delay Generators have their own unique advantages that enhance their service in certain applications. For example, the 2323A can be controlled manually, or programmed and has an ECL output for compatibility with LeCroy ECLine trigger processor and data handling modules. The 4222 has four time generators in a single-width module, making it a superior choice in high density systems where space is at a premium.

Arbitrary gate widths are provided in the 2323A via a latch-mode operation where the gate duration is determined by externally applied Start and Stop signals. Further versatility is incorporated into this module by including a delayed output pulse which occurs at the end of each gate output pulse and has a preset width.

Precision delayed gates can be produced with any LeCroy gate and delay generator module. Gate signals can be used to set coincidence time windows, provide veto signals, or generate fast clear signals after some preset delay. Latch Mode operation, available in the Model 2323A, permits gating-off front-end electronics after receipt of a valid trigger signal and maintaining this state until data acquisition is complete. For example, discriminators may be vetoed immediately after the trigger electronics generate the ADC gates. This ensures that no further ADC gates are generated.

Since each LeCroy gate and delay generator module has at least two independent generators, one generator can be used as a precision delay. A delayed output pulse, occurring at the end of the gate pulse, is applied to the Start of a second generator. The 2323A can be configured in this manner.

Model 2323A


The Model 2323A is a fully programmable Gate and Delay Generator packaged with 2 channels in a double-width CAMAC module. Its Gate duration is programmable over the range 100 nsec to 10 seconds, covering a dynamic range of eight orders of magnitude. Moreover, outputs as short as 50 nsec can be selected at the expense of accuracy and stability. All settings may be programmed under CAMAC control or via front-panel controls. The settings of the instrument are battery backed-up, so the unit does not have to be reprogrammed after turning the crate off/on or after a power failure. The 2323A offers excellent stability and jitter properties with 0.2% of Full Scale accuracy in the gate setting.

The 2323A offers both Start and Stop inputs. This allows the output pulse width to be determined by the Start -Stop time difference in the latched mode or by the internal timer in the preset mode. A Blanking NIM Level input causes a notch to be taken out of the gate, equal in duration to the Blanking input. This is especially useful to gate off data acquisition during spurious periods. Conversely, a NIM level OR input causes all outputs to be set to True for the duration of the OR inputs.

The unit offers NIM and NIM level outputs equal in duration to the gate width selected. In addition, a DELAY output is produced at the trailing edge of the Gate pulse. The 2323A also provides a differential ECL output and a TTL output capable of driving a NIM Bin Gate. Both the ECL and TTL outputs may be driven from either the Gate or Delay circuit. These options are selected by board-mounted shorting plugs.

The Gate duration and the width of the Delayed output are both programmable under CAMAC control. Each of the two channels are programmed independently. All values which are loaded into the 2323A may also be read back via CAMAC. Programming the delay involves a 10-bit "mantissa" and a 3-bit "characteristic".

The Start input is normally configured to accept NIM level signals. A bridged high impedance input is employed to allow the trigger of more than one channel of 2323A. The front end of the Start input consists of a comparator circuit, factory adjusted to trigger at -400 50 mV. A front-panel accessed multiple turn potentiometer allows the user to adjust the threshold over the range -3 V to +3 V. This allows the unit to be triggered by NIM, ECL, TTL or other standard logic signals. A front-panel accessed switch selects either the positive-going or negative-going edge as the trigger. The stop input accepts NIM standard pulses.

Model 2323A Timing Diagrams


Presettable Width Mode Diagram

Latch Mode Diagram

Model 4222

The LeCroy Model 4222, Quad, Wide Range, Gate and Delay Generator, produces long, precise time delays and time intervals synchronously with a random Trigger input. All 4 channels of the 4222 are started by a common Trigger input. Each channel provides a programmable time delay of up to 16.7 msec in 1 nsec increments. All programming is under CAMAC control.

A set of side-panel switches permits the selection of coupled window outputs for channels 1 and 2, or 3 and 4. When coupled, Channel 1 (3) output (OUT) goes "true" when time delay 1 (3) has elapsed and goes "false" when time delay 2 (4) has elapsed; delay 1 (3) < delay 2 (4). Channel 2 (4) output (OUT) goes "true" when delay 2 (4) has elapsed and is reset by Clear or by the next Trigger if the Retrigger Mode has been selected.

NIM level BUSY outputs are also provided by the 4222. Busy goes "true" in response to a Trigger and remains "true" until the end of the shortest or longest delay is selected by an internal switch.

Three outputs are provided for each channel. One output provides NIM-level signals which go "True" after the programmed time delay and is reset by the Clear. Another output gives complementary NIM logic output. Each channel has a corresponding delayed pulse output that provides a 5 V fast rise time signal into 50 W occurring after the programmed time delay.

MODEL 4222 Trigger Timing Diagrams

Non-Retrigger Mode (Retrigger Action Switch: set to retrigger disable) Diagram
Retrigger Before End of Delay (Retrigger Action Switches: set to retrigger enable retrigger before end)

Retrigger After End of Delay (Retrigger Action Switches: set to retrigger enable retrigger after end)

The Model 4222 may be set to retrigger mode permitting the unit to retrigger without being reloaded by a side -panel switch. In Retrigger Mode, two options are possible, before or after the delay period. The unit may be retriggered at any time (> 100 nsec after the last trigger) or any time after the longest delay has elapsed.

Synchronization of many 4222 Gate and Delay Generators is possible. An external clock may be used to feed several 4222 modules with an identical time base. Stability and accuracy are then determined by the external clock.

SPECIFICATIONS


Model 2323A


INPUT

START:
Bridged high impedance pair. Lemo-type connectors. Input trigger level adjustable over the range 3 V via front-panel potentiometer, supplied at -400 50 mV with a negative-going edge. This input initiates the timing cycle.

STOP: Standard NIM input, Lemo-type connectors. This input terminates the timing cycle in the latched mode. Active in both latched and preset modes. The delay is < 20 nsec.

OR: Standard NIM input, Lemo-type connector. Input impedance 50 ohm. Produces outputs as long as the OR signal is asserted.

BLANK: Standard NIM input, Lemo-type connector. Input impedance 50 ohm. Cancels gate outputs as long as the BLANK signal is asserted. Overrides OR input.

OUTPUT

BUSY LED:
Indicates unit is active.

NIM: Standard NIM (-16 mA) signal, Lemo-type connector. Goes low for gate duration. Rise time 2 nsec; fall time 2.5 nsec.

NIM*: Standard NIM (-16 mA) signal, Lemo-type connector. Goes high for gate duration. Rise time 2 nsec; fall time 2.5 nsec.

ECL: Complementary ECL levels, 2-pin connector. PC-mounted shorting plug allows this output to be logically identical to the GATE or DELAY pulse or their complements.

TTL: An FET open drain output (250 mA, 0.5 W maximum). PC-mounted shorting plug allows this output to be logically identical to the GATE or DELAY pulse or their complements.

DELAY: Standard NIM (-16 mA) signal, Lemo-type connector. Delayed from start of NIM by the gate width. (Goes low at trailing edge of gate.) Programmable for 10, 30, 100 or 300 nsec duration. Rise time 2 nsec.

GATE WIDTH

Range:
100 nsec to 10 sec (50 nsec width at reduced accuracy and stability).

Accuracy: 0.2% of full scale.

Temperature Stability: < 200 ppm/C.

Jitter: < 0.3% of setting.

Resolution: 0.1% of full scale.

DELAY WIDTH

Width Options:
10 nsec, 30 nsec, 100 nsec, 300 nsec.

Accuracy: 20%.

GENERAL

Input-Output Delay:
24 nsec (Start input to NIM output).

Recovery Time: None. The unit may be retriggered any time after the timing cycle has been completed.

Packaging: Double-width module in conformance with CAMAC Standard; ESONE Report EUR4100 or IEEE Report #583. RF-shielded.

Power Requirements: 1.8 A at +6 V; 1.3 A at -6 V; 50 mA at +24 V; 75 mA at -24 V; 21.6 W total.

Model 4222


INPUT

Trigger Input (TRIG):
Two bridged front-panel Lemo-type connectors; high input impedance, positive/negative edge selection via side-cover switch; threshold level adjustable between -1.5 V and +1.5 V with a front-panel potentiometer; 10X threshold monitor on front panel; minimum input width is 5 nsec; unused input must be terminated in 50 ohm.

Clear Input (CLR): Two bridged front-panel Lemo-type connectors; high input impedance accepts NIM level pulses; minimum input width is 50 nsec; unused input must be terminated in 50 ohm.

Clock Input (CK): Two bridged front-panel Lemo-type connectors; high input impedance, selected by internal strap; NIM level inputs; unused input must be terminated in 50 ohm. Clock input frequency must be 31.25 MHz

0.1%. Stability determines the long-term accuracy of the time delays.

OUTPUT

BUSY and BUSY* Outputs (B & B*):
Two front-panel Lemo-type connectors; NIM level outputs. BUSY output state goes true in response to a valid Trigger and remains true until either the end of the shortest delay or the end of the longest delay as selected by an internal switch.

Delayed Level Outputs (OUT & OUT*): Two front-panel Lemo-type connectors per channel; NIM level outputs; both direct (OUT) and complementary (OUT) outputs are provided. A set of side-panel switches permits the selection of either independent outputs or coupled window outputs:

&shyp; INDEPENDENT: 1, 2, 3, and 4: Each channel output (OUT) goes "true" when the corresponding programmed time delay has elapsed; output is reset by the Clear or by the next Trigger if the Retrigger Mode has been selected.

&shyp; COUPLED: 1 and 2, or 3 and 4: Channel 1 (3) output (OUT) goes "true" when time delay 1 (3) has elapsed and goes "false" when time delay 2 (4) has elapsed; delay 1 (3) < delay 2 (4). Channel 2 (4) output (OUT*) goes "true" when delay 2 (4) has elapsed and is reset by Clear or by the next Trigger if the Retrigger Mode has been selected.

Delayed Pulse Output (P1-P4): One front-panel Lemo-type connector per channel. Each channel's PULSE OUT delivers a 1 nsec rise time 5 V pulse (into 50 ohm) when the corresponding time delay has elapsed; pulse width 100 nsec 10%.

GENERAL

Delay Range:
170 nsec to 16.777215 msec in 1 nsec increments.

Accuracy: 200 psec time base error.

Jitter: 150 psec R.M.S. maximum; up to 1 msec delay (see manual for additional information).

Insertion Delay: 170 nsec.

Crosstalk: < 500 psec when delays differ by less than 8 nsec, 0 otherwise.

Internal Time Base: High stability quartz oscillator:
f/f0 : 5 10^-6 initial frequency tolerance;
Tc : < 0.5 ppm/C;
Aging : < 3 10^-9/day.

Packaging: Single-width standard CAMAC module.

Power Requirements: 40 mA at +24 V; 1.3 A at +6 V; 2.5 A at -6 V; 130 mA at -24 V.

CAMAC COMMANDS


Model 2323A Dual Programmable Gate and Delay Generator

CAMAC COMMANDS

C or Z:
Stops channels A and B gates.

X: X response is generated for each valid function.

Q: Q response is generated for each valid function unless otherwise specified.

CAMAC FUNCTION CODES

F(1)A(0):
Read channel A programming word.

F(1)A(1): Read channel B programming word.

F(9)A(0): Stop channel A gate.

F(9)A(1): Stop channel B gate.

F(17)A(0): Write channel A programming word.

F(17)A(1): Write channel B programming word.

F(25)A(0): Start channel A gate.

F(25)A(1): Start channel B gate.

Model 4222 Quad, Wide Range Gate and Delay Generator

CAMAC COMMANDS

Z:
Initializes module, resets all channels, disables trigger input and enables CAMAC access (does not reset data registers).

C: Resets all channels (does not reset data registers) equivalent to front-panel Clear input.

I: Disables trigger input when present.

X: X response is generated for each valid function.

Q: Q response is generated for each valid function unless otherwise specified.

CAMAC FUNCTION CODES

F(0)A(0-3):
Reads selected program delay for channels 1-4 in 24 bits; Q = 1 always; 24-bit unsigned integer convention.

F(1)A(0): Reads status via READ lines 1-4: R1 = 1 if shortest delay elapsed; R2 = 1 if longest delay elapsed; R3 = 1 if Model 4222 is ready for trigger; R4 = 1 if CAMAC access enabled. All states are strobed by the leading edge of the CAMAC N signal.

F(9)A(0): Resets all channels (does not reset data registers) equivalent to external Clear input.

F(16)A(0-3): If CAMAC access enabled, writes delay to selected channel 1-4 in 24 bits. Q = 1 if CAMAC access enabled; Q = 0 otherwise. 24-bit unsigned integer convention.

F(24)A(0): Disables unit; enables CAMAC access.

F(25)A(0): Triggers the unit (OR'd with the external front-panel Trigger input): Q = 1 if unit was ready for trigger; Q = 0 otherwise.

F(26)A(0): Enables unit; disables CAMAC access.

SELECTION CHART



Copyright September 1995. LeCroy is a registered trademark of LeCroy Corporation. All rights reserved. Information in this publicaction supersedes all earlier versions.