Protocol Analyzers

Voyager M3x

DISCONTINUED (Replaced by M310e)
The Voyager M3x is Teledyne LeCroy's 7th generation USB analyzer platform that provides 100% accurate protocol capture of both USB 2.0 and 3.0 at data rates up to 5 Gb/s. The industry's most widely used USB 3.0 test platform features the de facto standard CATC Trace display and unmatched analysis capabilities to help pinpoint problems at every layer of the protocol.

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Voyager M4x  The industry's most accurate and trusted USB analyzer platform now supports USB 3.2, USB4™ and Thunderbolt™ 3 testing and verification. The legendary Voyager family combines best-in-class probe technology with industry-leading analysis software allowing designers and validation teams to debug problems and verify interoperability for next-generation USB systems.
Voyager M310e  The Voyager M310e is Teledyne LeCroy's comprehensive protocol analyzer - exerciser system designed for USB 2.0, USB 3.2, USB Type-C® and the latest Power Delivery 3.1 specification. The non-intrusive probing and a range of turnkey Compliance packages make the Voyager M310e the intelligent choice for USB 3.2 protocol analysis.
Voyager M3x  Teledyne LeCroy's workhorse validation platform for USB 2.0 and 3.0 verification provides 100% accurate protocol capture at data rates up to 5 Gb/s DISCONTINUED
Advisor T3  Ultra-portable SuperSpeed USB analyzer delivers market leading accuracy at an extraordinary price
Mercury T2C / T2P  The Mercury T2C / T2P USB Type-C and Power Delivery analyzers with USB 2.0 support are the smallest and most flexible hardware-based analyzer in the industry.
Mercury T2  The Mercury T2 analyzer is the industry's smallest hardware-based USB 2.0 analyzer supporting low, full and hi-speed USB signaling.

Teledyne LeCroy has developed six generations of its industry leading USB protocol verification system since the introduction of USB in 1995. Each successive generation of the Teledyne LeCroy USB analyzer family has built upon the previous knowledge and expertise. Today, Teledyne LeCroy offers a broad range of USB test systems with unprecedented functionality, accuracy and user friendliness. The enormous cost of discovering problems after a product is released far outweighs the investment in Teledyne LeCroy's de-facto standard USB analysis tools. Their use improves the speed and efficiency of the debug, test and verification for USB semiconductor, device, and software vendors. Analyzers or bus "sniffers" also play an essential role in avoiding costly interoperability problems by allowing developers to verify compliance with the USB specification.

Consistent with the growing popularity of digital media, the USB-IF announced USB 3.0 in late 2007 targeting 10X the current USB bandwidth by utilizing two additional high-speed differential pairs for "SuperSpeed" transfer mode. The USB 3.0 specification was released in late 2008 and commercial products began shipping in late 2009. Teledyne LeCroy has pioneered the development of verifications systems for this new technology. The only company that offers a complete line of USB 3.0 test solutions covering transmitter test to protocol test, and every step in between, Teledyne LeCroy helps developers achieve their goals of performance, quality, reliability and time-to-market for SuperSpeed technology.

USB Technology Overview:

USB, or Universal Serial Bus, is a connectivity standard that enables computer peripherals and consumer electronics to be connected to a computer without reconfiguring the system or opening the computer box to install interface cards. The USB 1.0 specification was introduced in January 1996. The original USB 1.0 specification had a data transfer rate of 12 Mbit/s The first widely used version of USB was 1.1, which was released in September 1998. It provided 12 Mbps data rate for higher-speed devices such as disk drives, and a lower 1.5 Mbps rate for low bandwidth devices such as joysticks. USB 2.0 specification was released in April 2000 and was ratified by the USB-IF at the end of 2001 to develop a higher data transfer rate, with the resulting specification achieving 480 Mbit/s

USB today provides a fast, bi-directional, low-cost, serial interface that offers easy connectivity to PCs. A hallmark for USB operation has been the ability for the host to automatically recognize devices as they are attached and install the appropriate drivers. With features such as backward compatibility with previous devices and hot "plug-ability", USB has become the de-facto standard interface for various consumer and PC peripheral devices. The USB standard allows up to 127 devices connected to a Host System. USB designates low, full, high-speed connectivity between devices compatible with the 2.0 specification. Most full speed devices include lower bandwidth mice, keyboards, printers, and joysticks. The use of high speed USB has exploded with the rapid growth in digital media in the consumer electronics market including media players, digital cameras, external storage and smart phones.

SuperSpeed USB is designator for links operating at the 5 GHz frequency and compatible with the USB 3.0 specification. SuperSpeed USB provides a high performance connection topology for applications that utilize larger files or require higher bandwidth. SuperSpeed USB is backward compatible with USB 2.0, resulting in a seamless transition process for the end user. SuperSpeed USB offers a compelling opportunity for digital imaging and media device vendors to migrate their designs to higher performance USB 3.0 capable interface.

NEC/Renesas was the first chip vendor to introduce host controllers for USB 3.0 (5/18/2009). The first motherboards featuring USB 3.0 ports from Asus and Gigabyte followed in late 2009. In the first half of 2010, dozens of SuperSpeed devices began shipping as vendors rushed to deliver solutions using the 5Gbps signaling speed of USB 3.0. Expect mass adoption into high-bandwidth applications in late 2010.

Why USB?

From its emergence in 1995 as a low-cost connection interface for keyboards and mice, USB has steadily expanded its presence in computing and consumer electronics to become the most popular peripheral interconnect in history. USB continues to be dominant for the following reasons:

  • Mature, proven technology
  • Backward-compatible and low cost
  • Easy plug and play operation
  • Data transfer speeds suitable for a variety of applications

As evidenced by USB popularity, several extensions of the technology have been introduced to try and capitalize on its installed base/ popularity. An example of this extension, which is supported and approved by the USB Implementers Forum (USB-IF), is USB On-The-Go (OTG). Designed to allow portable computing devices, such as cell phones and digital cameras, the ability to connect to other USB devices as either a host or peripheral, OTG promises improved interoperability for an enormous number of USB enabled devices.

In addition, there are now dozens of USB device classes addressing everything from health care systems to isochronous video applications. Mass storage remains one of the most popular USB applications as consumers have embraced all types of digital media. The T10 committee has now finalized USB Attached SCSI (UAS) protocol which enables several significant improvements over legacy mass storage protocols including command queuing and streamed IO. Of particular interest is the new battery charging specification which provides a standard mechanism allowing devices to draw current in excess of the USB specification when connected to wall chargers or fast charging host controllers. In addition to the traditional data interchange application, the battery charging specification has solidified USB's dominant role as the interface of choice in the portable electronics market.

USB Architecture

USB was initially introduced as a host to peripheral interconnect with the goal of putting most of the intelligence on the host-side. The OTG specification added an optional peer-to-peer capability to devices but had limited adoption to date. So the vast majority of USB devices typically fall into 2 categories:

  • Hosts
    • PCs, Macs and laptops
  • Peripherals
    • All devices designed to attach to a host (examples)

The role of the host controller (plus software) is to provide a uniform view of IO systems for all applications software. For the USB IO subsystem in particular, the host manages the dynamic attach and detach of peripherals. It automatically performs the enumeration stage of device initialization which involves communicating with the peripheral to discover the identity of a device driver that it should load, if not already loaded. It also provides device descriptor information that drivers can use enable specific features on the device. Peripherals add functionality to the host system or may be standalone embedded operation. When operating as a USB device, peripherals act are slaves that obey a defined protocol. They must react to requests sent from the host. It's largely the role of PC software to manage device power without user interaction to minimize overall power consumption. The USB 3.0 specification redefines power management to occur at the hardware level with multiple power states designed to reduce power usage across the IO system.


Teledyne LeCroy's legendary Voyager USB 3.0 analyzer platform provides the industry's most accurate and reliable capture of USB 2.0 and 3.0 protocol for fast debug, analysis and problem solving.

This multifunction validation platform is available with an integrated exerciser capable of both 2.0 and 3.0 host and device emulation. In addition to compliance verification and error injection, the exerciser can emulate a USB endpoint and intelligently respond to enumeration requests.

Now upgraded with SuperSpeed 3.0 as well as Gigabit Ethernet data upload ports, the Voyager system features countless innovations in data analysis to help reduce time-to-market for USB systems and software. From fault recovery to performance optimization, the Voyager system helps assure that USB devices deliver excellent compatibility and throughput.


Unmatched Accuracy

The Voyager M3x analyzer front-end incorporates the latest Teledyne LeCroy probing technology to provide fast-locking and uncompromised accuracy for USB 3.0 recording. SuperSpeed USB devices utilize hardware based power management with devices frequently entering power suspend mode. While in-line, the Voyager system will detect and seamlessly recover from electrical idle while accurately showing all bus and power state transitions time-stamped within the display.

Flexible hardware

The front end of the Voyager analyzer features standard USB 3.0 connectors that support USB 2.0 and 3.0 signals to provide loss-less capture of traffic from both links simultaneously. Concurrent high-speed and SuperSpeed recording allows end-to-end viewing of data transfers across a USB 3.0 hub. The system can operate as a USB 2.0/3.0 analyzer; and is also available in a 2.0-only configuration that is upgradeable to 3.0.

The Voyager M3x platform includes 4GB of recording memory plus USB 3.0 and Gbe links for uploading recorded traffic to the host PC. In spooled recording mode, the Voyager provides continuous, real-time display of captured traffic allowing fast access and extended recording sessions. 

The heart of the Voyager analyzer is Teledyne LeCroy's revolutionary BusEngine™ technology. This state-of-the-art protocol processing core incorporates a real-time recording engine and configurable tools to selectively monitor and record SuperSpeed USB traffic. Field upgradeable firmware allows the BusEngine to evolve and support new features or future changes to the USB specification.

6th Generation Analysis Software

The Voyager utilizes the legendary CATC Trace - the industry's de facto standard for USB 2.0 protocol analysis. The trace viewer software uses colors and patterns to train the eye to understand information faster. When recording mixed traffic upstream from a SuperSpeed hub, Legacy 2.0 and 3.0 packets are labeled and interleaved in a single display. Each event is shown on a separate row with every field labeled and color coded.. Traffic from the logical 2.0 & 3.0 channels can be individually filtered, searched or exported from the trace. The USB Transfer level can be expanded and collapsed to show the packet layer including all link management packets (LMPs) and flow control symbols.

Raw Debugging Power

The Voyager is the only analyzer on the market that captures every transition on the 5Gbps USB link including idles, inter-packet symbols and corrupt 10-bit symbols. The Link Tracker provides a chronological upstream / downstream display of all ordered sets with timing resolution of 2ns. Designed to assist with low-level debugging, all symbols including training sequences can be displayed in raw 10-bit, 8-bit, scrambled, and unscrambled Hex format. Symbol-to-symbol timing measurements are possible with a single click.

Key Features
  • CATC Trace Analysis Software System - Expand / Collapse transfer layer for faster interpretation of USB traffic
  • Capture / Analyze 3.0 & 2.0 traffic concurrently - Record 2.0 and SuperSpeed data path to test & debug USB 3.0 host & hub operation
  • Integrated 3.0 analyzer / exerciser (single box) - Multifunction system with 3.0 and 2.0 device or host traffic generation
  • 4GB Recording Capacity - Capture long recording sessions for analysis and problem solving
  • Raw bit Recording / 10-bit error detection - view and correlate low-level 10-bit symbols to higher-level packet structures
  • Detects over 40 Link & Protocol errors - Critical link and timing errors are automatically detected and flagged in the trace
  • 2ns timing resolution - extremely accurate timing resolution allows precise measurement of link layer handshaking
  • External Trigger In / Out - Use the Teledyne LeCroy Voyager to identify any packet and toggle a scope or logic analyzer (via SMA connectors)
  • Fully supports SSC and Data scrambling - Fast Locking and Accurate capture on 5Gbps signals
  • Hardware Triggering - Trigger on both 2.0 or 3.0 protocol events to isolate important traffic, specific errors or data patterns
  • Comprehensive Device Decoding - SCSI Mass Storage, 3.0 Hub, PTP/Still Image, Printer, PictBridge, Media Transfer Protocol (MTP), and all popular USB device classes
  • Hardware Filtering - Automatically exclude non-essential and redundant symbols including Idles, TS1, TS2, SKPs, and LFPS sequences
  • Intelligent Reporting - Automatically report event metrics and flag over 20 common USB 3.0 protocol errors
  • Sophisticated Viewing - View TLP messages and headers, plus logical transaction and transfer layers of the USB protocol
  • Gbe or USB 3.0 Upload - Sustained transfer rates of 600Mbps over Gbe provide instant access to captured data
  • Loopback and Compliance Mode - Exerciser system provides special console for initiating loopback and compliance mode
  • Link Training and Timing Views - LTSSM flow diagram and chronological views linked to trace display
  • Real Time Statistics - RTS window shows throughput, link statistics and packet error rates graphically, in real time
  • Compliance Test option - Voyager is a certified Link Verification System (LVS) for performing Link and Hub compliance testing
  • Power Tracker™ Option - Graphs Power & Current draw for VBus devices synchronized to the trace data
  • 12 Month Hardware Warranty - Protect your investment with industry leading support and warranty

Intelligent Triggering

The Voyager provides hardware triggering to pinpoint protocol events of interest. Trigger events can be specified at the lowest levels including bus states and ordered sets (Link up, SKP, etc...) or header fields including route strings or packet types (ACK, Data, etc...). Voyager's graphical drag-and-drop interface makes setup easy. Users can define trigger logic that monitors multiple sequential event trigger scenarios that include SCSI operations, counters, loops and timers all within a multi-level sequence.

Real Time Filtering

SuperSpeed data transfers at 5 Gb/s can fill memory buffers in an instant making event filtering critical for efficient debug. The Voyager analyzer can filter unwanted traffic from the buffer in real-time by discarding redundant patterns such as SKPs, idles, and training sequences. Filtering logic can also include transaction layer packets with added criteria like direction or port number.

Error Detection

The Teledyne LeCroy Voyager can detect and flag real protocol errors including logical link and timing errors. At the lower layers, training sequences and link commands are automatically verified for proper formatting. The Spec View displays header fields in hex or binary and also marks errors in red.

Integrated Exerciser Option

A comprehensive exerciser capability with support for both USB 2.0 and 3.0 traffic generation is built in to the Voyager platform. The exerciser option allows users to transmit custom packets over standard USB cables with low-level control of headers, payloads, timing, and link states. Featuring Voyager ReadyLink™ and Transaction Engine™ the exerciser includes full function link and transaction layer state machines that automatically handle all USB 3.0 handshakes. ReadyLink maintains link synchronization, flow control and header acknowledgements. The Transaction Engine manages NRDY retry conditions allowing the Voyager to operate at full line rate and correctly respond to the DUT as defined by the specification. Overrides allow these behaviors to be altered such as shortening LFPS and link training signals, or delaying handshake packets. The Exerciser is seamlessly integrated with the Protocol Analyzer, making the Voyager system a complete test and development solution for engineers validating USB protocol. More

USB Compliance Testing

The Voyager USB 3.0 Compliance Suite is a software option that provides comprehensive link layer test coverage to verify hosts and devices properly implement link training, link recovery and power management behaviors (chapter 7). Integrated with Teledyne LeCroy's Voyager exerciser platform, the Compliance Suite is certified for Link and Hub testing by the USB IF. More

USB Device Decoding

The Voyager software performs full decoding of USB device class traffic with both automatic and manual assignment of decodes to individual endpoints. The Voyager offers full support for Bulk Only Transport and USB Attached SCSI operations including command queuing. From OTG, to CCD, to Video class, Voyager provides the most comprehensive decoding available. It also supports vendor specific decoding for developers interested in automatically showing proprietary commands in the trace view.

Complete list of USB Decodes (Click to Expand ↓)

Find The Issues Fast

The Voyager software provides many mechanisms to measure and report on USB 2.0 and 3.0 protocol. With the Traffic Summary display, users can evaluate statistical reports at a glance or navigate to individual events. Users may select transaction packets to view ACK/NAK or Device Notification events, then jump to each occurrence with a single keystroke. Reports are available showing link throughput and flow control metrics. Higher level events are also tracked and reported at the logical USB Transfer level. The error report shows a range of protocol violations - from invalid CRCs to framing errors.

The LTSSM View provides an interactive USB 3.0 state machine diagram. Each state change is shown graphically and is hyperlinked to the trace display. The link state timing view shows the same information in a time-line format.

Bus Utilization graphs show data and packet length, bus usage by device in a histogram format. The Bandwidth calculator automatically calculates the time delta between two points in the trace. Fast Search and Find options allow users to navigate to specific packets, errors and any data type within a trace file. The CATC Trace supports filter and hide commands, to temporarily remove irrelevant data from the display for more efficient viewing.

Optimize vBus efficiency with PowerTracker™

The Voyager M3x Power Tracker option offers a unique monitoring capability for vBus power draw. Power information is sampled and displayed graphically in a time line format and is synchronized to the trace allowing users to verify power state transitions at the protocol and electrical layers. Power Tracker shows voltage, current and power for easy tracking of vBus changes. More

Since 1996, Teledyne LeCroy has been a key provider of tools for the USB ecosystem. The Voyager system leverages countless hours of research in high-speed serial data analysis to create the most reliable and accurate USB 3.0 analyzer system available. Combined with the exerciser option and the CATC Trace expert software, the Voyager platform alleviates developers from tedious byte-level analysis and lets them focus on quick resolution of protocol layer problems.


Product Model   Teledyne LeCroy Voyager M3x USB 3.0 Pro Analyzer System
Basic Functions:    
  Protocol(s) Supported   USB 1.0, 1.1, 2.0 & 3.0
  Protocol Analyzer   Yes
  Protocol Exerciser   Yes
  Other   N/A
Host HW Requirements   Pentium II or greater,
USB 2.0 port or 3.0 port
OS Requirements   64-bit (x64) versions of Microsoft® Windows 11, Windows 10, Windows Server 2016, and Windows Server 2019
Memory Size   4048MB
Data Rates Supported   1.2 - 4800 Mb/s
Recording Channels   1
Data Bus Interface   Half duplex differential (USB 2.0)
Dual simplex differential (USB 3.0)
Form Factor   Enclosed Chassis
Front Panel Connectors   Analyzer / Exerciser – one (1) USB 2.0 & 3.0 recording & generation channel with USB 3.0 A & B connectors
Front Panel Indicators   Platform LEDs: Power, Status
Analyzer LEDs: Rec 2.0, 3.0, Exercise
Dimensions:   (W x H x D) 20 x 3.2 x 23 cm (8"W x 1.25"H x 9"D)
Weight   5.4 lbs
Power Requirements   90-254 VAC, 47-63 Hz (universal input), 100W maximum
  External Trigger IN/OUT   SMA connectors
  CATC Trace   Yes
  Field Upgradeable BusEngine   Yes
  SuperSpeed USB 3.0 capture   Yes
  Low/Full/High Speed USB 2.0 capture   Yes
  Integrated Exerciser option   Yes
  Gbe Upload   Yes
  Spec View (3.0 packets)   Yes
  Single state triggering   Yes
  Sequential state triggering   Yes
  Pre-capture filtering   Yes
  Automation API   Yes
  On-the-Go (OTG)   Yes
  Raw 10-bit Display   Yes
  Link Tracker   Yes
  Power Tracker Option   Yes
  Compliance Suite Option   Yes
  Operating Temperature   32 to 131 F
  Non-operating   -20 to 80° C (-4 to 176° F)
  Operating Humidity   10% to 90% RH
CrossSync Multi-Protocol Analysis option
Teledyne LeCroy Voyager Exerciser Option
Voyager USB 3.0 Compliance Suite
Voyager USB 3.0 Import Option
Voyager M3 Power Tracker for USB 2.0 & 3.0 Option
USB Embedded Probe